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发表于 2013-6-22 19:15:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Ryu Murakami is one of Japan’s mostcelebrated and controversial authors. His first novel, Almost Transparent Blue, was a darkbook about disillusioned Japanese kids burning themselves out in a spiral ofdope and rock music under the shadow and influence of an American army base.Written at the age of 24, it won him the Akutagawa Prize, one of Japan’smost prestigious literary awards, and cemented Murakami’s reputation as themaster of dark and violent literature in his native country. Now 61, Murakamihas continued to produce works that aim to get to the root of an increasinglyfractured nation, through the lens of its most debased, violent, and cast-outmembers.
  In From the Fatherland with Love,published in 2005 in Japan and now being translated into English for the firsttime, Murakami positions his familiar bloodlust on to an international stage.The novel envisions a Japan wrecked by complete economic collapse, abandoned bythe international community, and on the cusp of being invaded by North Korea.While Japan’s government anxiously wonders how to deal with the situation, agroup of homicidal, satanic, degenerate youths take it upon themselves to fightback against the North Korean regime.



  I metwith Ryu to discuss the American influence in Japan, youth, violence, and his(sort of) new book.
  在出版于2005年,如今刚刚被翻译成英文的《来自半岛》(From the Fatherland wit h Love)一书中,村上龙将他最熟悉的杀戮欲望搬上了国际舞台。在这本小说中,日本的经济已经完全崩溃,并被国际社会所抛弃,正面临着被朝鲜侵略的威胁。当日本还在为如何应对这一局面焦头烂额之时,一群凶残堕落、如魔鬼一般的年轻人挺身而出,向朝鲜政权展开了反抗。

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 楼主| 发表于 2013-6-22 19:15:57 | 显示全部楼层
  VICE: Sinceyour first novel, Almost Transparent Blue, Americanpresence in Japan has been a constant theme in your work. Why is that, and doyou see it as a negative influence?
  RyuMurukami: I grewup in a US Army base town, so that probably had a lot of influence on thenovel. It’s not absolutely negative. Obviously Japan lost the war, and so thereis an impression among people here that we were forced into democracy andforced to take on elements of American culture because of that loss. Mygeneration had parts of American influence that we liked and parts that wehated. We also understood the complexities and diversities of American culturebetter than the previous generation.



  Your novels give the impression that the sudden influx ofAmerican and counterculture opened up a kind of vacuum in the traditionalJapanese collective mindset, into which a lot of your characters findthemselves falling.
  I think that’s a pretty good interpretation of what happened. The problem isthat when looking at Japanese politics and social systems, the collective is ofcourse always more important than the minority or the individual—it’s stillonly in very rare cases here that individuality is regarded as being important.
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-6-22 19:16:47 | 显示全部楼层
  Why can’t people do both? Live as individuals in a community?
  Because people who try to do that become outcasts.

  Outcasts are the centralcharacters in a lot of your work. But the majority of these people were madeoutcasts by circumstances that prevented them from fitting in normally, ratherthan making choices that led toward individuality.
  A lot of people do want to live as individuals, and that goes for me too. Youcan do that by opting not to go into traditional companies or not doing whatmight be expected of you as a member of society. In most cases, that makes lifeharder. By using people who are forcefully excluded from society by history orcircumstance in my writing, it’s easier for me to show how hard it is to livelike that.
  I’mreminded of a letter I received from a young girl. She’d had an argument withher parents over her ambition to have a career in confectionery, so she decidedto run away from home. This was really out in the sticks, and while she waswaiting for a bus, she was reading one of my novels and got encouraged by theidea that there were misfits like her out there in society. Reactions andepisodes like that make me feel really very happy.
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-6-22 19:17:38 | 显示全部楼层
  In Coin Locker Babies theissues that the characters carry with them due to being abandoned as infantsturn into grudges that become a desire to destroy the world around them. Do yousympathize with that nihilism?
  在《寄物柜婴儿》(Coin Locker Babies)一书中,以描写了两个因为遭人遗弃,就心理扭曲,渴望毁灭世界的人。那么您是否赞同虚无主义?

  I also have issues with the world that I see around me. In the case of damagedyoung people, those with creativity may be able to focus that anger ordestructive energy on writing or music. But, if not, they tend to go towardviolence or even terrorism. If destructive energy comes with a kind of moralthen it can become a revolution.
  The Londonriots in 2011 werean example of frustrated kids spontaneously breaking out into unorganized andessentially destructive rebellion. Do you think something like that could everhappen in Japan?
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-6-22 19:18:28 | 显示全部楼层
 It’s unlikely. Japan is becoming more and more docile… I don’t know why.People maybe think that nothing will change regardless of what they do. Thatkind of thing happens all the time in Europe, though!
  In the new novel From the Fatherland withLove, Ishihara’s gang of homicidaladolescent misfits and social rejects all have horrible histories and ayearning for violence. Although they end up fighting against the North Koreans,their first reaction was to side with them and fight against Japan. Why isthat?


  Normally, James Bond would be sent in to fight the North Koreans, but I didn'twant to write that kind of book. I structured it so that people who thissociety actually wants to get rid of are the ones who save the day. Theinspiration for those boys came from the Aum Shinrikyo,the Japanese cult responsible for the Tokyosubway sarin, nerve-gas attacks. The cult had a lot of innocentchildren inside it. Those kids had a very hard time fitting into society whenthey got older because of their pasts. I thought about how they must have feltgrowing up. Wouldn't they develop a grudge against society for not acceptingthem?
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-6-22 19:21:31 | 显示全部楼层
  How do you think Japan wouldreact to an actual North Korean invasion?
  It’s not a realistic situation, but if it did happen I think Japan would betotally unable to react. If, for example, they attacked Guam, the US wouldreact. If they went after South Korea, Seoul would go up in flames but therewould still be retaliation. But if they bombed an inhabited Japanese island,neither the US nor South Korea would do anything, and I don’t think Japanitself could deal with it alone.



  There’s a line in the novel, which is simply, “Japan has nothingto look forward to…” Do you believe this is true?
  It's a difficult question to answer. Japan is increasingly diverse, and withinit, there are those who can see a future and those who can’t. It’s harder tolive and to find work than it was in the past.
  How do you envision the future of Japan’s youth?
  It’s dark.
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发表于 2013-6-22 20:31:46 | 显示全部楼层
Ii is your translation work of upper words?
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发表于 2015-3-6 23:03:52 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2016-5-4 04:18:38 | 显示全部楼层

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